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Max Ernst (1891-1976)
Le Chale a fleurs de givre (Iceflower Shawl and Gulf Stream)
This artwork is accompanied by photocopies of the text cover sheet and hand signed colophon from its original portfolio.
Ernst created these images by placing paper atop various materials - wood floorboards, lengths of twine, leaves, wire mesh, crumpled paper, crusts of bread-and rubbing the surface with a pencil or crayon. Inspired by the resulting textures, he added details to transform them into fantastical landscapes, objects, and creatures. Ernst called his process frottage (French for "rubbing") and claimed it as a form of Surrealist automatism, whereby an artist attempts to let the unconscious guide his hand in the creation of an image. (source: MoMA.org)
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