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Kay Sage (1898-1963)
American Indian (Le Jeu de Marseilles)
Yves Tanguy left Europe for the United States in Nov, 1939, one month after the departure of American citizen Kay Sage, his lover of one year. Breton and his wife, Jacqueline Lamba, along with several fellow Surrealists traveled south to Marseilles in Vichy France in hopes of securing exit visas and fleeing France as World War II ravaged Europe. It was there that the Surrealist Tarot card deck, the Jeu de Marseilles, was conceived and created, with participants including Breton, Lamba, Max Ernst, Victor Brauner, Andre Masson, Oscar Dominguez, and Wifredo Lam.
Breton and family finally arrived in New York in June of 1941 where he was met by Sage, Yves Tanguy, and Stanley William Hayter. Sage rented for them their first temporary apartment in Greenwich Village. It was at this time that Sage created her contributions to the Surrealist card deck. Neither her drawings nor those of other post-Marseilles contributors were utilized in later published versions.
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